is an Indo-European language. This theoretically makes it
related to just about every other language in Europe, but it
hides it well. Modern Greek is a direct descendant of
Ancient Greek, the language spoken throughout the eastern
Mediterranean 1,500 years ago, but that language has no other
descendants, so Modern Greek is a bit of an outcast.
most important features of the language:
is a very difficult language to learn, due to its highly
uses an alphabet which is different from everybody else's,
the Greek alphabet. This was the original alphabet from
which both our own (Roman) alphabet and the Cyrillic
(Russian) alphabet evolved.
is heavy on endings - the endings of words change
depending on what you are using the word for. You'll
notice this in Greek place names, where they can never
decide whether a given town's name ends in -o, -os or -on,
and in people's names where a man may be called Spiros,
but you address him as Spiro.